Files that contain the .htaccess file extension usually hold the configuration files for Apache Web servers. These files provide an Apache Web server with instructions for the directories of an associated website.
The HTACCESS files that are used for websites perform a variety of functions for a website, including specifying the 404 page of the site, performing 301 and 302 page redirects, denying access to the site from a specific IP address or other websites, defining the index page of a site directory and restricting access of the site to certain directories and pages.
The HTCACCESS files are normally saved in plain-text format.
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