The .bmp file extension is given to raster image files, also known as bitmap image files. These non-compressed image files contain a file header and the pixels of the associated bitmap.
The file header contained in the BMP file includes information about the size of the BMP file, the width, the height, the color options of the BMP image as well as information about where the bitmap pixels should be located within the grid.
BMP files can store 2D digital images of varying resolution, height and width. These images can be both color images and monochrome images of various depths.
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